out for blood technology
How Gentle Whispering Is Infiltrating the World of Video Game Shooters. The technology behind the blood test, Quake says, is quick, easy, and less than $10 a measurement. In advanced stages, atherosclerosis can be very difficult to treat. In 1983, as reports of AIDS-related illness among recipients of blood donations, many of whom were patients with hemophilia, began to fill the desks of blood transfusion service officials across the world, certain “high risk” groups—including MSM, commercial sex workers, intravenous drug users, and, later, people who have been sexually active in “high risk” regions like sub-Saharan Africa—were asked to self-defer from giving blood. Elizabeth Holmes founded her revolutionary blood diagnostics company, Theranos, when she was 19. “I was told that due to antiquated and discriminatory guidelines by the FDA to prevent HIV, I am ineligible to donate blood,” Andy Cohen fumed, gesturing to himself and emphasizing the “I” of “I am.” “I, me, Andy Cohen,” he appears to say. If people are out for blood, they are violent and want to attack someone. The company claimed that its technology could offer over 240 tests from just a prick of the finger. Out for Blood On bids to reform blood donation policy for men who have sex with men ... Benjamin Weil is a PhD candidate at University College London in the Science and Technology Studies Department, where he researches blood donor activism in the UK. Scientists set out to figure out why mosquitoes love the taste of blood so much, and how they can detect blood in the first place. 1. Yet popular opposition to the “gay blood ban” does nothing to challenge these punitive logics—it merely shifts their target. Addressing the “gay blood ban” alongside other forms of exclusionary blood donor deferral criteria, including bans on sex workers and intravenous drug users and onerous restrictions on migrant populations, requires confronting the true nature and causes of an unequal landscape of HIV transmission: institutional and systemic racism; homophobia; economic barriers to testing; uneven access to and poor representation within HIV education; the prohibitive cost of PrEP and antiretroviral medication; stigma amongst and between affected communities; the hostile environment for immigrants; the criminalization and hyper-policing of sex work and drug use; limited access to needle exchanges, and so on. In fact, symbolic reforms often serve as a cover up for political regimes that have deepened grooves of racial, class and sexualized inequality. Impressive words like these, now at a discount. Symbolic reforms have no bearing on or relation to the wider material, social and political conditions of disenfranchised queers and those most at-risk of transmittable disease. Blood pressure tests can also be carried out at home using your own digital blood pressure monitor. Also called Medical Laboratory Scientists (MLS), medical technologists play a key role in the modern laboratory. Share. On the ravages of Covid in post-election America. Documentary. Caroline Chen. For HBO: executive producers, Nancy Abraham, Sara Bernstein. For me, the sheer difference in size alone (the G7 will be about the size of a quarter, certainly an improvement over the G6!) Even as all of our lives are reconfigured by a new viral reality, the very notion that Cohen might be likely to come into contact with another virus, HIV, is simply too appalling to consider. Only by flattening the contours of HIV transmission may we find a just and equitable end to the “gay blood ban” and beyond. All BBI tests have a window period—the average point between infection and detection by a test, ranging from ten days in the case of nucleic acid tests for HIV, to thirty days in the case of testing for hepatitis B—during which donated blood bearing BBIs still presents a possible infection risk but would otherwise test negative. It can also allow you to monitor your condition more easily in the long term. For political opponents of the “gay blood ban,” a three-month deferral period for MSM still represents an effective prohibition on gay blood; it precludes openly gay and bisexual men from visible participation in the civic practice of blood donation. “This story is a classic example of truth is more dramatic than fiction,” says Alex Gibney. Symbolically speaking, blood donation deferral criteria are regarded as delegitimizing the position of gay and bisexual men as healthy, health-bringing, and blood-bearing citizens proper, instead marking them out as perpetual and lurking figures of infection. Blood could be diagnosed easily without the need for many vials of blood drawn Watchlist. In the post-marriage equality landscape, many gay men have thus invested in blood donation policy as the “next frontier for gay rights.” With its emphasis on the altruism of blood donors as selfless saviors of the “sick and dying,” blood donor activism conveys certain gay and bisexual men’s desire for national incorporation, to be considered part of the triumphant cure to the global pandemic, rather than as part of the problem. The Inventor: Out For Blood In Silicon Valley. He adds that a deeper understanding of stem cells can also help with stem cells transplants for the treatment of blood cancers in the future, by potentially stimulating and growing these cells ex vivo (out of the body) for improved transplantation. Oscar® winner Alex Gibney (HBO’s Emmy®-winning “Going Clear: Scientology and the Prison of Belief”) directs the riveting documentary, which reveals what happened and explores the psychology of deception behind Silicon Valley’s ‘‘fake it till you make it’’ mindset. In the process, then, of establishing the figure of the “gay blood donor” as an altruistic, upstanding, and biologically viable citizen within whom the very possibility of HIV cannot cohere, blood donor activists tacitly or explicitly reify old classes of deviants. Holmes dropped out of Stanford to found Theranos in 2003, promising a technology that would provide accurate blood tests with just a pin-prick of blood. This plaque buildup prevents the delivery of oxygen-rich blood to the heart, brain, and other vital areas of the body, potentially resulting in heart attack, stroke, or even death. In 2014, Theranos was valued at $9 billion, making Holmes, who was touted as “the next Steve Jobs,” the youngest self-made female billionaire in the world. Using never-before-seen insider footage and specially created 3-D graphics, director Gibney goes behind the scenes, revealing how Holmes’ invention was plagued with problems from the start, how Theranos rigged test results and defrauded investors, and how rigid non-disclosure agreements prevented employees from telling the truth. The device would revolutionize health care, bringing down diagnostic costs and providing doctors and patients with potentially life-saving early detection. In 2013, Holmes partnered with Walgreens to introduce her compact blood-testing device in store pharmacies. Reflection 1 REFLECTION ON THE “OUT FOR BLOOD IN If someone is out for blood, they are trying to find someone to blame and punish for something bad that has happened. Holmes dazzled Silicon Valley and Wall Street over the next few years, raising hundreds of millions of dollars in venture capital and enlisting such notables as former Secretaries of State George Shultz and Henry Kissinger, former senators Sam Nunn and Bill Frist, and former Secretary of Defense James Mattis to sit on the company’s board. Elizabeth Holmes was a brilliant storyteller and media handler, well-spoken, attractive, and exuding intelligence and confidence. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts Reference: Takayama N, Murison A, Takayanagi S, et al. Even as a new and devastating global pandemic proffers a political opportunity for certain gay and bisexual men to unlink from the HIV/AIDS crisis that has marked and haunted them and to restore the image of the viable gay male body, queer men must resist the temptation to repudiate the ghost of HIV/AIDS past and place stock in a narrow set of lifestyles, embodiments, and practices that will only ever shore up our conditional acceptance. The shock registers on his guests’ slack-jawed faces as intended. Our technology will enable the blood glucose concentration to be measured at the capillary level. Documentary THE INVENTOR: OUT FOR BLOOD IN SILICON VALLEY, Examining the Rise and Fall of Elizabeth Holmes and Her Multibillion Dollar Healthcare Technology Company Theranos, Debuts March 18 on HBO On April 22, in an open letter to the Department of Health & Human Services, attorneys general from nineteen states and the District of Columbia demanded that the FDA take up a “gender-neutral risk-based” approach to MSM blood donation. A man donates a pint of blood to the Red Cross. The problem with centering this political symbolism within blood donor activism is that it belies the material realities of testing for BBIs. Just two years later, Theranos was cited as a “massive fraud” by the SEC, and her company was worthless. Vacuum technology removes dangerous blood clots in heart Date: January 28, 2014 Source: Orlando Health Summary: An innovative vacuum technology can remove potentially deadly, large clots. The bottom line is this: the sexualized, racialized, and classed nature of the HIV crisis cannot be addressed by pursuing symbolic reforms that center condom-using, monogamous and, tacitly white, middle-class gay men. View The Inventor Out For Blood In Silicon Valley (2).docx from BUSINESS A MH-404 at Meru University College of Science and Technology (MUCST). Much has changed since then. As well as aligning more closely with the technical capacities of screening for infections like HIV and other blood-borne infections (BBIs), changes to blood donation policy within view of the threat of blood shortages may be especially welcomed by those patients living with blood disorders like hemophilia or thalassemia, whose lives depend on the safe receipt of blood products. At the start, her vision of banishing big, scary syringes and reimagining dated blood test technology is inspiring. Diploma in Blood Bank Technology: Details. Both letters made nary a mention of the more taboo topics of blood donation from intravenous drug users, sex workers, or people who have been sexually active in “high risk” countries—regardless of whether they do or don’t share needles, use condoms, or are in monogamous relationships. . THE INVENTOR: OUT FOR BLOOD IN SILICON VALLEY is a Jigsaw Production for HBO Documentary Films; written and directed by Alex Gibney; producers, Jessie Deeter, Erin Edeiken, Alex Gibney; editor, Andy Grieve; executive producer, Graydon Carter. Computer Programming. Hungary’s blood ban reform, for instance, arrived mere weeks after the right-wing government prepared to push through legislation that would put an end to the legal recognition of trans people. The current bids for further reform to MSM donation policy, therefore, rely on a hygienist, “post-AIDS” vision of white, middle-class gay men—a will to politically distance themselves from the ongoing HIV/AIDS crisis via entrance into the national blood supply. The preserved blood is later used for blood transfusion. Test results could be delivered to a patient’s phone in hours, and a single test would cost less than half of the reimbursement rate of Medicare and Medicaid. Baffler Newsletter. Trumpism throws a tantrum in the nation's capital. out for blood. The documentary features interviews with: John Carreyrou, who first broke the story in the Wall Street Journal and went on to write “Bad Blood”; journalists Ken Auletta (The New Yorker) and Roger Parloff (Forbes), who wrote profiles of Holmes; Theranos whistleblowers Tyler Shultz and Erika Cheung; former Theranos employees Dave Philippides, Douglas Matje, Ryan Wistort and Tony Nugent; behavioral economist Dan Ariely; and Dr. Phyllis Gardner, MD, professor of medicine at Stanford University. Under the looming threat of blood shortages, after the coronavirus pandemic forced the cancellation of nearly three thousand blood drives across the country and facing pressure from Congress and LGBTQ advocacy groups, the Food and Drug administration announced on April 2 that they would finally be relaxing restrictions on blood donations from men who have sex with men (MSM). Share. A dispatch from the historic farmers' protests in Punjab. Theranos Limits Blood Technology to a Single Test Out of 200 By . Medical Technology. “I was told that due to antiquated and discriminatory guidelines by the FDA to prevent HIV, I am ineligible to donate blood because I’m a gay man.” He thundered on: “When so many people are sick and dying . Continued Tweet. New email subscribers receive a free copy of our current issue. And her belief in it seems genuine. Rather, as I have suggested, such a politics effects a dislinkage with ongoing crisis and, in an era of anti-retroviral therapy, PrEP, Undetectable = Untransmittable, condom-use, and state-sanctioned monogamy, falsely portrays HIV/AIDS as a thing of the past. monogamous and condom-using) donors be allowed to donate despite the broader epidemiological pattern of BBI transmission. While the move to a three-month deferral policy for MSM was acknowledged by blood donor activists and other advocates for “gay blood ban” reform as representing a modicum of progress, they were swift to criticize the new deferral period as not going far enough. Even monogamy is porous and frequently perverted. . He points out, though, that a spinal tap to test for biomarkers in CSF is invasive, and brain scanning is expensive. "The holy grail in medicine is the blood test. GlucoSense is a spin-out of the University of Leeds, UK, that is developing a laser technology to monitor glucose levels. This can give a better reflection of your blood pressure, as being tested in somewhere like a GP surgery can make you feel anxious and can affect the result. She started developing lab-on-a-chip technology for blood tests, with the idea to start a company that would make blood tests cheaper, more convenient and accessible to consumers. She wooed investors, racking up a … This move has, predictably, come in for criticism by the usual group of adversaries of the so-called “gay blood ban.” These blood donor activists are, predominantly, a cohort of self-identified “healthy” gay and bisexual men who have taken issue with MSM donor policy as perpetuating what they deem to be an outdated HIV/AIDS-linked homophobia that marks all gay and bisexual men—regardless of their sexual practices or, indeed, HIV status—as possible infection risks. Blood analysis is commonly carried out on a sample of blood drawn from the vein of the arm, the finger, or the earlobe; in some cases, the blood cells of the bone marrow may also be examined. The letter did not stipulate what “risky” sexual practices entail, but in an April 16 open letter to the FDA, shared by GLAAD and signed by over five hundred scientists and medical professionals, MSM “in monogamous relationships, those on Pre-exposure Prophylaxis [the HIV prevention drug, PrEP], and those who consistently use condoms” were singled out as potentially low-risk donors. On the colloquial tales of Nikolai Leskov. After all, gay marriage can end in gay divorce.). While deferral criteria were first introduced in the absence of a known etiology of AIDS and reliable screening methods, the infrastructures of blood safety have vastly improved through the introduction of increasingly sensitive (albeit still imperfect) screening technologies for HIV, the virus long since known to cause AIDS. In her seminal critical text, Terrorist Assemblages, the queer theorist Jasbir Puar writes, “There is a transition under way in how queer subjects are relating to nation-states, particularly the United States, from being figures of death (i.e., the AIDS epidemic) to becoming tied to ideas of life and productivity (i.e., gay marriage and families).” Implied here by Puar is that such a move is only made possible if life-bringing queer subjects, on their journey into the national fold, are willing to leave behind and overtly repudiate their figurative associations with death. The main aim of DBBT course is to train students about blood bank technology and turn them into skilled blood bank technicians. Among her investors were Oracle founder Larry Ellison, Rupert Murdoch and current Secretary of Education Betsy DeVos. Politics like this do little to challenge the moral regime carved out at the height of HIV/AIDS crisis that marks some people living with HIV or AIDS as “innocent” and others as “deserving.” They merely shift the bounds of moral and biological purity to encapsulate the “low-risk” MSM, at the expense of collective solidarity both with people living with HIV and AIDS and those who exist in closest proximity to it. A blood bank is a place where blood obtained through blood donation is stored and preserved for later use. 3.1m members in the programming community. February 08, 2019. These politics appear as an attempt to dislocate certain men who have sex with men from the material and social realities of HIV and BBI epidemiology—that MSM continue to shoulder a disproportionate burden of HIV transmission. (It must be said that, despite what the moral purity of blood donor activist rhetorics would have you believe, there is no such person as and no permanence to being a “gay man who has safe sex.” Every gay man is but one encounter, one moment of passion, one broken condom, one lost wallet, one drunken night away from becoming the risky barebacker he staked his reputation against. And while there is nothing glamorous or necessarily redeemable about the specter of death with which queerness has been homophobically articulated under HIV/AIDS, certain gay men (blood donor activists among them) have, cushioned by racial and class privilege, been all too eager to sidle themselves away from the implication that they or the sex that they have might still be marked by the virus—even in the face of ongoing crisis. Black MSM made up an estimated 37 percent of all new diagnoses amongst MSM and, amongst young MSM (aged thirteen to twenty-four), young Black MSM comprised 55 percent of all new infections in that year. But those who aren’t lucky enough to pass the purity tests of blood donor activism far exceed a critical gaze on gay sex. These inherent uncertainties are, in part, why committed advocates for MSM policy reform typically have to dampen their demand for the complete abolition of deferral criteria at the point of their engagement with the FDA, demanding instead that certain “low-risk” (i.e. 2013, Holmes partnered with Walgreens to introduce her compact blood-testing device in store pharmacies of. Get blood work back will prepare you for a challenging and rewarding career in laboratories! Takayanagi s, et al fiction, ” says Alex Gibney: 5 signs you may have clogged.! We collect personal data from the historic farmers ' protests in Punjab s worth... 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